Oxford University Herbaria, a global cultural resource of approximately one million dried plant specimens founded in the seventeenth century, is the oldest herbarium in the United Kingdom.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the Herbarium Room was part of the Department of Botany; the herbarium was accommodated next door. In the early 1950s, more space was needed for teaching and research so the Department and herbarium were relocated to their current home on South Parks Road. The newly refurbished Herbarium Room will reconnect the Botanic Garden with the Department of Plant Sciences and the Herbaria.
The prints on the walls are reproduced from the Hortus Elthamensis, which was published in 1732. This very rare book describes exotic plants cultivated by the wealthy, early eighteenth-century apothecary James Sherard (1666-1738) at Eltham, Kent (now Greater London). It was written and illustrated by the German botanist Johann Jacob Dillenius (1684-1747) before he became the University’s first Sherardian Professor of Botany in 1734.
The Bobarts: Building Botany at Oxford
The first exhibition in the Herbarium Room focused on the work of the original keepers of the Physic Garden.
Planting the Oxford Physic Garden began in 1642. Jacob Bobart the Elder (c.1599-1680) and his son Jacob (1641-1719), first Keepers of the Garden, recorded their horticultural efforts, both successes and failures, as lists of plant names.
More importantly, they collected thousands of herbarium specimens into a Hortus Siccus ('dried garden'), which survive to the present day. A physical specimen we can examine today means we know precisely what the Bobarts meant by the names on their lists.
Starting 1 June
Come along to the Herbarium Room for our exhibition together with Magdalen College Flower to Frame, which will explore the evolution and techniques of botanical illustration through the centuries.
Explore how botanical illustrations were sketched and created, the use of three-dimensional sectional teaching models from the early 20th century, and 21st century 3D models of plants that cannot be cultivated in gardens.
Flower to Frame will show visitors both ancient and modern techniques, and exhibit new artwork by botanist Dr Chris Thorogood (Oxford Botanic Garden and Arboretum) and botanical illustrator Rosemary Wise (Department of Plant Sciences).